What Influences Accuracy of Rotary Tables?

January 24, 2012

by Nathan Mathiot
HEIDENHAIN Product Specialist

 

When determining the influencing factors of accuracy on a rotary table, the first thing would be to look at the mechanics of the table itself.

A rotary table contains six degrees of freedom and this is shown in Figure 1. EXC, EYC and EZC represent the radial and axial error motion of the rotary table. EAC and EBC represent the tilt error motion whereas ECC represents the angular positioning error. Each one of these motions can add to the total amount of positioning error in the rotary table.

Typically, a rotary table is driven by a worm gear which is connected to a motor with a rotary encoder on the back of it. The table’s position can be determined by the number of pulses transmitted from the encoder to the control.

The four major error sources due to semi-closed position loop are geometrical errors, thermal deformations, elasticity and wear. The sum of these errors is known as the angular positioning error (ECC). To greatly reduce the amount of angular positioning error, the ideal position to mount an angle encoder is on the axis of rotation being measured. With an angle encoder mounted underneath the rotary table and the rotary encoder on the back motor, the position loop is now considered to be a closed loop system (Figure 2).

 

If you have any questions, please let us know.

Nathan Mathiot
HEIDENHAIN Product Specialist
847-519-3398

Want to learn more?

Contact us today

Related resources and news

ETEL Adds EtherCat to AccurET Controls

Schaumburg, IL (August 2019) – Available in North America from HEIDENHAIN CORPORATION is a new version of the ETEL-brand AccurET controls with EtherCAT compatibility. As EtherCAT communication moves from “mid-end” automation to more high-end machine control applications, demand for this has been increasing. With that in mind, ETEL now allows its product users to take […]

Read more »

New Post Processor Developed for Mastercam Users

SCHAUMBURG, IL (August 2019) – In a collaborative effort to best enable 5-axis machining for users with HEIDENHAIN TNC controls and Mastercam® CAD/CAM software, a new collaborate post processor is now available. Called the HEIDENHAIN TNC 5X Mill post processor, CNC Software, Inc., developers of Mastercam software, introduced it recently after coordinating development efforts between […]

Read more »

Leine Linde Sensor Better Measures Equipment Strain

Schaumburg, IL (July 2019) – Leine Linde’s new ESR digital strain sensor is now available to monitor structural health on equipment where needed. Offered in North America through HEIDENHAIN CORPORATION, it is coupled with an encoder using the digital interface EnDat, and offers significantly higher signal quality, accuracy and robustness when compared with conventional strain […]

Read more »